Celebrating International Women’s Day- Mapping Insights

Another day, and another ‘international [insert here] day’. However, unlike ‘International Toast Day’ (15th July for those interested), today, 8th March, was one that actually had great significance – International Women’s Day. Despite being a guy,  I recognise that while progress has been made, we are still some way of gender equality. Given that 50% of the world’s population is female, and there is no logical reason why income, job, social, educational opportunities and choices shouldn’t be the same as men – this situation isn’t good enough. However I don’t feel I should go on further, as I don’t think I can do the topic of feminism justice. What I can do is produce some geospatial analysis however to mark this.

There are many areas I thought about looking into to highlight the amount of progress still needed; adult literacy, women in top managerial roles, reproductive rights etc, to name a few. However, I decided to analyse the percentage of the adult labour force that is female, using data sourced by the World Bank. Data from 2014, in the map above, shows geographical and regional patterns of gender inequality in the labour force, particularly in stark in North Africa and the Middle East. Sure, a reasonable amount of ‘Western’ and African countries have more balanced levels of gender in the workforce, but only 8 countries have more women in the labour force than men.

Meanwhile over 100 countries have less than 45% of women in the labour force, 24 of these a shockingly below 30%. There maybe several cultural, social welfare, developmental and even legal reasons why these patterns occur, which I won’t delve into, but it is a important indicator in of itself.  This before you consider that this isn’t even the best indicator of gender inequality. This doesn’t account for the type of work being carried out by women here, which may be of lower wage and status, as well as population sizes and growth, leading to a skewing figures as well. It also doesn’t map, social attitudes to women, statistics can only allude. Even in a more gender equal workforce, this doesn’t mean the same opportunities or treatment.

Progress is a key point here too, and while there is a general positive trend in percentage growth of women in the work force between 1990 – 2014, according another map I produced above, there are many places where growth is stagnant, or even decreasing in percentage. Encouragingly, the areas of low percentage in the previous map, are generally areas of overall relative growth in women in the workforce. Nonetheless, there are many areas, particularly in India and Syria (war an important proviso here), where whatever the story, there is a sharp overall percentage decrease. This is only one indicator, but it highlights that, while for some this may be nauseatingly politically correct, there is much progress to be made.

Why does this matter? One, employment is an important factor in self-independence and social, academic and economic opportunities – a basic value that should be available to all, regardless of gender. Two, any organisation or company needs to thrive on the widest pool of talent and the diversity of ideas – with a greater gender equality (among ethnicity, sexuality and able-bodiedness), this is something that is potentially advantageous for us all.

Cartogram of Female Workforce

Happy Mapping,

David

PS: I know the cartogram isn’t the ideal analysis for this data metric, as there is no land mass relationship really, but it does weight and enlarge higher workforce percentages more, highlighting interesting case like Nepal, Lithuania and East Africa.

Data Credits: World Bank

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The Urban Age – Global Population Changes

The Urban Age – Global Population Changes

One of the things I’ve enjoyed so far in creating The Map Den, is being able to share some of the latest and interesting pieces of work and tips coming out of the GIS and mapping industry. The ‘science of where‘ community is alive and strong. However, it’s time I did some original mapping content myself. Today I’m starting simple, but nonetheless importantly, looking at global urban and rural population increases.

Urban Population Change 2010-2015

Created through static maps created in ArcGIS and joining with population data from United Nations between 2010-2015, these maps investigate the continuing phenomenon of global population increase and the urban to rural shift. We can see from the urban map the general increase in urban population, particularly dramatic in Africa and Asia, similar to rocketing growth experienced in ‘Western’ industrialising countries around the industrial revolution. A stark example is you compare China’s urban population boom compared to sharp rural population decrease, where rural poverty and labour surplus have driven these trends (see more here and here)

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Fuzzy Lookup: My Plugin Baby

Fuzzy Lookup: My Plugin Baby

So this isn’t strictly a GIS or mapping tool or tip that I thought I’d share, but considering the amount of time and importance of joins, spreadsheets, datasets and databases in the profession, or even outside geospatial work, this little tool called ‘Fuzzy Lookup’ may come in handy.

Often when trying to query, search or join up one table to another, or for whatever purpose, VLOOKUP can do just the job, ‘vertically looking up’ one value, in order to display another. If you are new or unfamiliar to VLOOKUP, Debra Dalgleish has an awesome blog, Contextures to help with this and much more even for experienced users. There is the ‘range_lookup’ operator, FALSE, which will look for a identical match, or TRUE, an approximate match; the latter of these is useful for numbers, less so for text.

fuzzy4

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1. Map of the Day: Ventusky – fantastic, whatever the weather

1. Map of the Day: Ventusky – fantastic, whatever the weather

ventusky-wave-20170201t1800

In what I hope will be a regular feature, I will share my passion for all things geographic and cartographic with my ‘Map of the Day’ feature. Some may be simple maps, but interesting insight; others may be great examples of interactivity and web map development, or both.

Kicking this feature of is one of my favourite maps, Ventusky (https://www.ventusky.com), a meteorological web application developed by Czech company InMeteo in collaboration with Marek Mojzik and Martin Prantl. This web application has been around for some time now, with the recent addition ‘wave height simulation’, and provides weather prediction (and archive) animation based on weather models from Germany, USA and Canada (ICON, GFS, GEM respectively).

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Will the real (map) shading, please stand up?

Will the real (map) shading, please stand up?

Whilst at university, as a geography undergraduate, I was used to hearing the old stereotype that my course was all about ‘colouring in’. Part of me wished it was a case of choosing the right crayons… However, a few years down the line, in the world of geospatial analysis, besides all the fascinating analysis we do, sometimes the basics of picking the right colours is indeed important to make output legible and accessible. Although ArcGIS and other GIS packages provide built in colour transitions and symbologies, sometimes, especially with web development, a surprising amount of time can be taken getting colours correct, whether this be chloropleth maps, print outs or making it colour blindness accessible (see more here from Europa Technologies).

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Welcome to The Map Den

Welcome to The Map Den

musicmap_geojson_screenshot

Welcome to my site, The Map Den, which I hope will be a world of interesting articles and links related to GIS, mapping, earth observation, geo-location, geo-web applications and anything in between.

I’m David and I am a self confessed map addict. I am a Geography graduate from University of Reading, with experience in GIS analysis, software and web development at the National Trust and currently CH2M.

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